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A brief note on the Vanavasi Areas and Villages of Vidarbha

Vidarbha is the eastern most region of Maharashtra State in India. For administrative purpose, it has been divided into two divisions, namely Nagpur and Amravati.As per recent census of 2001 there are 15741 revenue villages in the Vidarbha region which consists of 11 districts. Each district has been divided into sub-districts called tahsil or Taluka.

Table No.1
Total and Vanvasi Population of Vidarbha

Division District No of Tahsils No. of Villages
Nagpur Nagpur 14 1874
  Wardha 8 1382
  Bhandara 7 778
  Gondiya 8 893
  Gadchiroli 12 1679
  Chandrapur 14 1791
Total of Nagpur Division 6 Districts 63 Tahsils 8397
Amravati Amravati 14 1996
  Akola 7 1009
  Washim 6 789
  Buldhana 13 1433
  Yawatmal 16 2117
Total of Amravati Division 5 Districts 56 Tahsils 7344
Total of Vidarbha 11 Districts 119 Tahsils 15741

The forest area is 37282 sq. Km. and is 38.8% of the geographical area. Major portion of the vanavasi population is residing in the forested area of Vidarbha Region.The distribution of the total population and the vanvasi population as per 2002 census is given in the following table

Table No.2
District-wise total and vanavasi Population and its percentage

District Villages Total Population Vanavasi Population Percentage
    Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Nagpur 1874 4067637 1453886 2613751 444441 217752 226699
Wardha 1382 1236736 911695 325041 154415 132766 21649
Bhandara 778 1136143 960418 175728 175728 84740 12978 8.6 8.82 7.38
Gondia 893 1200707 1057276 143431 196455 189358 6097 16.36 18.0 4.25
Gadchiroli 1679 970294 851672 42468 364256 358775 5481
Chandrapur 1791 2071101 1405034 655067 389587 333298 56289 18.1 22.7 7.4
Amravati 1996 2607157 1707578 898879 356493 222622 34011
Akola 1009 1630239 1002742 627497 100088 85540 14548 6.1 8.5 2.3
Washim 789 1020216 841771 178445 70987 67797 3190 7.0 8.1 1.8
Buldhana 1433 2232480 1759097 473383 115156 105935 9221 5.2 6.0 1.9
Yavatmal 2117 2458271 2001060 457211 473370 31971 31971 19.3 22.1 7.0
Grand Total 15741 20630981 13952229 6590901 2840976 1830554 422134

Out of total 15741 villages, the Government has recognized 4244 villages as tribal or vanavasi villages under Tribal subplan area (TSPA), Additional Tribal Sub-plan area ( ATSPA), Modified Area Devalopment Area (MADA) and Mini MADA. Out of 4244 villages the number of villages having population is 3586. The district wise break up is given in the following table

The total no recognized vanvasi vllages in different categories of tribal area are 4241.Out of these villages ,655 villages are uninhabitated.

Table No.3
Distribution of the populated recognized Vanavasi Villages in different Tribal areas

District 20 & more than 20% 15 to 20% 10 to 15% 5 to 10% Total
  Tashil Village Tashil Village Tashil Village Tashil Village Tashil Village
Nagpur 1 Ramtek 93 1 katol
1 Umred
94
24
1 Narkhed
2 Parseoni
3 Savner
21
24
11
6 267
Bhandara 4 Tumsar
5 Sakoli
36
9
1 Lakhani 2 3 47
Gondiya 2 Salekasa
3 Sadak Arj
4 Arjuni Mor
5 Deori
30
52
67
118
6 Goregaon
7 Gondia
7
6
2 Amgaon
3 Tirora
10
11
8 301
Gadchiroli 6 Armori
7 Kurkheda
8 Korchi
9 Dhanora
10 Gadchiroli
11 Mulchera
12 Etapalli
13 Bhamragad
14 Aheri
15 Sironc ha
52
111
114
220
59
42
189
98
162
107
7 Chamorshi 104 8 Desaiganj 9 12 1267
Chandrapur 16 Warora
17 Chimur
18 Sawali
19 Bhadrawati
20 Pombhurna
21 Korapana
22 Rajura
23 Sindewahi
53
91
5
50
33
89
81
66
8 Nagbhid
9 Chandrapur
10 Mul
11 Gondpipri
74
0
3
31
4 Amhapuri 1 13 577
Amaravati 24 Dharni
25 Chikhaldara
152
168
12 Warud 37 9 Achalpur
10 Morshi
21
22
5 400
Wardha 3 Karanja
4 Arvi
5 Seloo
6 Samudrapur
10
19
24
22
4 75
Akola 13 Akot 18 11 Patur 17 5 Telhara 13 3 48
Washim 14 Manora 10 12 Malegaon 19 2 29
Buldana 15 Jalgaon Ja
16 Sangrampur
16
13
6 Mehkar 11 3 40
Yavatmal 26 Kalamb
27 Yavatmal
28 Ghatanji
29 Kelapur
30 Ralegaon
31 Maregaon
32 Zarijamani
70
72
34
93
33
42
74
17 Babulgaon
18 Digras
19 Pusad
20 Umarkhed
21 Arni
22 Wani
6
3
47
28
20
1
13 Mahagav 9 7 Darvha
8 Ner
2
1
16 535
Total 32 Tahsils 2720 22 Tahsils 604 13 Tahsils 211 8 Tahsils 51 75 3586

If we classify these tahsils and vanavasi villages according to percentage of the vanavasi population of all the villages with respect to the total population it will be seen that majority of the villages are in those tahsils where the percentage of vanvasi population is 20% or more. This is clearly indicated in the following table No 4

Table No.4
Classification of districts according to percentage of the vanavasi population in recognjsed vanavasi villages as per 2001 census

District TSPA ATSPA MADA Mini MADA Total
Nagpur 29 214 24 267
Wardha 29 46 75
Bhandara 47 47
Gondiya 100 201 301
Gadchiroli 1228 39 1267
Chandrapur 165 296 102 14 577
Total NGP. Div. 1393 464 593 84 2534
Amravati 320 59 21 400
Akola 48 48
Washim 19 10 29
Buldhana 29 11 40
Yavatmal 276 111 127 21 535
Total AMR. Div 596 111 282 63 1052
Vidarbha Total 1989 575 875 147 3586

From Table No. 4 It is observed that 3324 Villages out of 3586 are having population more than 20 % 0f theVanavasi population i.e. 92.7% are covered in 55 Tahsils only.

Tahsils not recognized but having Sizable percentage of Vanavasi population

There are Tahsils having sizable percentage of Vanavasi population but the villages have not been recognized in any type of tribal area. Such tahsils are mentioned below

Table No.5

District Tehsil %
Nagpur Hingna 18.4
  Bhiwapur 16.2
Wardha Deoli 14.9
Amrawati Bhatkuli 13.6
Chandrapur Ballarshah 22.4
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